Scientific abstract published in ESPN 2019 proceedings

Anco FIT Poultry featured in the ESPN 2019 (European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition) proceedings with a scientific abstract

Inclusion level effects of a phytogenic feed additive on broiler carcass traits, availability of dietary energy and expression of genes relevant for nutrient absorptive and metabolic functions of cell growth protein synthesis

Mountzouris, K.1, Paraskeuas, V. 1, Griela, E. 1, Kern, A. 2, Fegeros, K. 1
1Department of Nutritional Physiology and Feeding, Agricultural University of Athens, 118 55 Athens, Greece
2Anco Animal Nutrition Competence GmbH, Linzer Strasse 55, 3100 Sankt Poelten, Austria

The inclusion level of a phytogenic premix (PP) gut agility activator comprised of functional flavouring substances of ginger, lemon balm, oregano and thyme was investigated for its effects on broiler performance, carcass traits, nutrient digestibility, availability of dietary energy (AMEn) and expression of intestinal nutrient transporter (SGLT1, GLUT2, PEPT1, BOAT and LAT1) genes including genes FABP2 and mTORC1 relevant for cellular fatty acid uptake and protein synthesis, respectively. One-day-old Cobb broiler chickens (n=500) were assigned into four treatments, with five replicates of 25 chickens each.

Depending on PP inclusion level (i.e. 0, 750, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg diet) treatments were: Con, PP750, PP1000 and PP2000. Data were analysed by ANOVA and significant effects (P≤0.05) were compared using Tukey HSD test. Polynomial contrasts tested the linear and quadratic effect of PP inclusion levels.

Growth performance responses were not improved significantly (P>0.05) by PP inclusion. However, carcass (P=0.030) and breast yield (P=0.023) were higher in PP1000 compared to Con. In addition, PP1000 had higher AMEn (P=0.049) compared to PP2000 and Con. Gene expressions from 10 chickens per treatment of SGLT1, GLUT2, PEPT1, BOAT and FABP2 were not affected by PP.

However, PP affected the expression of LAT1 (P<0.001) in jejunum and that of mTORC1 in duodenum (P=0.010) and ceca (P=0.025). In particular, their expression increased with increasing PP inclusion level in a linear and quadratic pattern depending on the intestinal segment.

Overall, carcass and meat yield improvements by PP inclusion at 1000 mg/kg could be explained by the increased dietary energy available to the birds and the preliminary evidence for an improved muscle protein synthesis function.

More Scientific abstracts with Anco FIT Poultry

Phytogenic premix effects on gene expression of intestinal antioxidant enzymes and broiler meat antioxidant capacity

Effects of dietary inclusion level of a phytogenic premix on broiler growth performance, nutrient digestibility, total antioxidant capacity and gene expression of antioxidant enzymes

Egg producers gearing up for quality pullets in Chile

Egg producers from Chile were invited to technical seminars organized by Anco’s distributor Nutringen in Santiago and Chillan.

The theme of the seminars was: “Topics of health and nutrition in pullets.” Talks and discussions focused on how to manage for quality pullets to support high levels of egg production during the production phase.

Nutringen took this as an opportunity to launch its services and tools directed at helping egg producers to achieve their goals during the egg production phase. The seminars attracted egg producers and professionals associated with the egg producing sector.

Chile has more than 14,000,000 layers and egg consumption will be 225 units per capita per year, representing an increase of 8% compared to last year. This figure places Chile in the fifth place in egg consumption in Latin America. The other top egg consuming countries in Latin America are: Mexico, Argentina, Uruguay and Colombia.

Marco Nunes, Technical Manager from Anco gave a presentation on: ”Importance of controlling weight and uniformity of pullets in the growing period to reach high levels of laying persistence during the egg production phase.” He demonstrated the relationship between achieving average weight and uniformity goals during the growth period of pullets and productive performance of laying hens during the egg production phase. He also pointed out why Anco FIT Poultry can be a strategic tool to help reach those objectives.

Learn how Anco FIT Poultry can support robustness in laying hens for greater laying persistency.

Labour shortage drives the need for cow resilience

Milking cows is not as appealing as it used to be. As a result, highly skilled labour is more difficult to come by for dairy farms. Still the number of cows on dairy farms is increasing. So, caring for cow health, wellbeing and optimal performance in a profitable way is becoming more challenging. However, something the dairy sector apparently is not short of, is the courage to adopt new technologies. And that has really been to the advantage of the dairy sector, when tackling labour issues.

But there is another way of approaching the issue of labour and that is to breed and manage for “easy-care” cows. Cows that are easy to care for and manage can cut right down on input costs, such as labour, medical and vet bills, whilst at the same time maintain high wellbeing and productivity in cows more consistently. This is where resilience in cows matters.

Geneticists are starting to take resilience seriously and so are nutritionists. After all cows are what they eat. Feeding for resilience can make a difference to the amount of care a cow requires, as well as to the consistency and longevity of her performance.

Digital cow care

Dairy farmers have one of the highest rates of tech adoption. Maybe this is partly because there are some amazing new technologies out there that help farmers monitor their cows. Clever and innovative ways of applying imaging with computer vision, artificial intelligence and sensors to collecting data from individual cows, can help to monitor large numbers of cows. The data can be used to detect health problems quickly, whether cows are on heat or started calving so action can be taken in a timely manner.

These new technologies are improving the way labour is utilized on a day to day basis and allows dairy farms to get the work done with fewer high-skilled labourers. They can save costs on labour, but also on feed, as tighter monitoring of cows can lead to less wastage. Other benefits mentioned from the application of these technologies is that cows are less stressed as a result of fewer interactions with humans and sensors are less biased in their observations than humans.

Easy-care cows

Replacing hard to come by labour with digital technologies and assistants is one way to stay on top of cow performance and health in a profitable way. However, if the data alerts to problems with cows, appropriate action still needs to be taken, which again means labour time. The other alternative is to keep cows that are easier to manage and have fewer problems.

But how can we select for cows that are easier to manage? This is a question that research groups in Wageningen and in Australia are currently investigating. The good news is, that they have concluded that it is possible. Key to this was finding a way to measure resilience in cows.

Resilience a key trait

Resilience was defined by the Wageningen research group as “The capacity of the animal to be minimally affected by disturbances/challenges or to rapidly return to the state it was in before exposure to a disturbance.” This again is determined by the adaptive capacity of the cow.

The adaptive capacity is the mechanism of the animal that empowers it to cope with internal or external disturbances, stressors or with changes in the environment. Studies showed that variance in daily milk production is heritable and can be used to breed for resilient cows. More resilient cows having a lower variance (lower fluctuations) in milk production over time. Therefore, resilience can be measured based on deviations of expected production and observed production over a time period.

Technological advances facilitate the increase in the number of observations that can be made on individual animals to more accurately estimate deviations and consequently genetic parameters. Routine data collection form automatic milking systems (AMS) and automatic feeding systems (AFS) are the most well-known and well-developed examples.

Animal breeders expect more rapid progress with measurements from wearable sensors, which as mentioned above are already being used for monitoring animal behaviour, physiological changes and detecting health and disease status in animals. Sensors have been helpful to measure average eating time and ear temperature in the transition period before calving. The data derived from this suggests that it could be used as indicators for resilience in cows during the transition period and to predict problems during early lactation.

Feeding for cow resilience

Finding additional ways of improving the adaptive capacity of cows, e.g. by nutritional means, could speed up the process of reaching the goal for resilience in cows. New nutritional concepts, such as gut agility activators, are designed to support the adaptive capacity and hence resilience of the cow by nutritional means.

They help the cow to adapt to nutritional challenges by minimising stress reactions such as oxidative stress and reduced feed intake, that would otherwise impact performance, health and wellbeing of the cow. Heat stress, transition period, energy deficiency and mycotoxins are known factors which normally lead to increased oxidative stress and or a reduction in feed intake.

Feeding a gut agility activator to cows facing those type of challenges, has been shown to maintain high milk component yields and low somatic cell counts, indicating that the cows were able to cope better with the stressors, i.e. were more resilient.

Keep yourself and cows agile

Darwin’s principle – „It is not the strongest that survive but the ones most adaptable to change”, has more relevance in the ever faster changing world of today than it had before. The safest bet to keep yourself and your cows in the game in the face of unpredictability is to support and manage the adaptive capacity of your cows and of yourself. In other words, agility or the ability to adapt to challenges and change is key to longer term success.

Staying open to continuous learning and new technologies will help to keep yourself agile. Rethinking how we breed and feed cows to foster resilience will keep cows agile. And there are already great technologies out there that can help monitor the progress we make in this.

by Gwendolyn Jones, Published in International Dairy Topics, May 2019, Positive Action


Jones, (2019) Harnessing the power of plant resilience for animal resilience

Van Dixhoorn et al (2018). Indicators of resilience during the transition period in dairy cows: A case study.

#Heatawarenessday – Are your birds prepared?

#heatawarenessday is today Friday 31st of May. The Heat Awareness Day is observed on the last Friday in May every year to remind us of rising temperatures due to climate change. The day was created in order to spread awareness to overcome high-temperature related issues.

The U.S. livestock production industry incurs an estimated total annual economic loss of $1.69 to $2.36 billion due to heat stress.

Heat stress in broilers and laying hens

Heat stress is one of the most important environmental factors impacting on performance of chicken. One of the main effects is reduced feed intake, with subsequent drops in growth rate, egg quality and egg production. Broilers subjected to chronic heat stress had a significant reduction of feed intake of −16.4%. Many studies have shown impaired growth performance in broilers subjected to heat stress. In laying hens, a 12-day heat stress period caused a daily feed intake reduction of 28.58 g/bird, resulting in a 28.8% decrease in egg production.

In general, birds react similarly to heat stress, but express individual variation of intensity and duration of responses, which may also be affected by intensity and duration of the heat stress event. increasing evidence indicates that much of the variation in response to heat stress is apparently genetically based.
Under high temperatures as the bird’s body attempts to maintain its thermal homeostasis, increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) occur. Consequently, the body enters a stage of oxidative stress, and starts producing and releasing heat shock proteins (HSP) to try and protect itself from the deleterious cellular effects of ROS.

Oxidative stress is the starting point of the intestinal permeability dysfunctional process. Under heat stress conditions, increased concentrations of ROS occur leading to increased intestinal permeability, which in turn facilitates the translocation of bacteria from the intestinal tract and inflammation.

The detrimental impact of heat stress on bird performance, urges producers to implement suitable managemental strategies to minimize the production losses incurred through heat stress in the poultry industry.

Heat resilience in chickens

As breeding goals increased production efficiency, the susceptibility towards heat stress also increased in domestic chicken. So, in the current changing climate scenario, researchers are looking for a permanent solution to heat stress to sustain poultry production longer term. Differences between genotypes of chicken in heat resilience provide evidence for the possibility of genetic intervention, when it comes to heat stress in chicken. Several superior thermo-tolerant genes have already been identified by researchers such as the naked neck gene, frizzle gene or the dwarf gene, which made the bird resistant to heat stress through slow and reduced feathering, curling the feather so as to improve the heat dissipation and reduction in body size to minimize metabolic heat production. Further genes were identified that increase the thermo-tolerance of birds without compromising the production potential.

Feeding for resilience to heat stress

New nutritional concepts, such as gut agility activators, are designed to support the adaptive capacity and hence resilience of the bird by nutritional means. They help the bird to adapt to nutritional challenges by minimizing stress reactions including oxidative stress and reduced feed intake, that would otherwise impact performance, health and wellbeing of the bird. The gut agility activator Anco FIT Poultry has shown to maintain high feed intakes and reduce oxidative stress in birds under heat stress compared to control animals and thus maintain higher growth performance.


Felver-Ghant, J.N. et al. (2012). Genetic variations alter physiological responses following heat stress in 2 strains of laying hens, Poultry Science
Lara, L.J. and Rostagno, M.H. (2013). Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Production, Animals MDPI
Vandana, G.D. and Sejian, V. (2018). Towards identifying climate resilient poultry birds. Journal of Dairy, Veterinary & Animal Research

Agile cows – Imagine a world where you control adaptation in cows

What if we could formulate diets for dairy cows that support the cow’s adaptation to challenges in the diet and her environment in a more desirable way for milk profits? We could expect more agile cows and more consistent performance in response to diet formulations throughout the production cycle.

Link to short video trailer of the article here

If the Titanic had had the pre-sense and adaptive cruise technology developed by Audi, it would have been able to anticipate the iceberg and reduce or avoid its impact. Hollywood would be short of one of its great movies, but the Titanic might still be cruising around today or at least would not be at the bottom of the North Atlantic Ocean. This forms the base for the development of a gut agility activator.

Agile version of Titanic

More than a hundred years ago the Titanic sunk, after colliding with an iceberg during its maiden voyage. Technologies that exist today to predict collisions and automatically adapt speed and change direction could have easily prevented such a disaster. Responsive and adaptive technologies are leading the development for increased agility in how we and machines are operating today. Agility in this context is the capacity to anticipate and adapt to changes or challenges quickly for competitive advantage and minimize damage to performance and efficiency.

Agile dairy cow

We formulate diets of dairy cows to meet nutrient requirements for expected performance outcomes. However, many times the expected outcomes are not reached, due to the cow facing challenges through the diet or her environment, which could not be predicted in the diet formulation, but affect her performance, efficiency or even her health. Depending on the cow’s own coping and defense mechanisms she will be affected to a greater or lesser extent. Some cows maybe genetically more “agile” than others and able to cope with stressors more efficiently. To those who are more like the Titanic or are under high performance pressure and limited in their agility, dietary and environmental stressors will be more detrimental for performance and health. This begs for strategies to improve the cow’s agility.

Feeding for agility

Knowing which challenges or stressors to anticipate is winning half the battle. Determining their potential impact and the detrimental reactions they can cause to the efficiency and performance of the dairy cow helps to find predictive ways to mitigate the consequences. Common stress reactions in the dairy cow to stressors in the feed and in the environment, are oxidative stress, inflammation, shifts in rumen microflora and efficiency at the cellular level and reduction in feed intake. They will all lead to wasted energy and increased maintenance energy or a reduction in energy intake, which again will have consequences for milk yield and quality. A greater understanding of the underlying mechanisms can advance our ability to formulate dietary concepts to interfere with the way cows adapt in a predictive manner for more consistent and profitable outcomes.

Antagonistic DMI adaptation

The understanding of the regulation of dry matter intake (DMI) is very important in
ruminant nutrition, due to its importance for milk production. More recent research shows that certain gut peptides or gastrointestinal hormones play a role in DMI regulation in ruminants. For example, it was proven that cholecystokinin (CCK) has a regulatory effect on feed intake in dairy cattle fed high fat diets. High fat diets increased plasma CCK concentrations and decreased dry matter intake. Blockage of endogenous CCK activity at the CCKA receptor with a synthetic antagonist reversed fat-induced depression of dry matter intake. Since certain plant extracts are known to have an antagonistic effect to CCK in humans, they may also offer a solution to DMI regulation in ruminants, particularly in the face of fat or DON (deoxynivalenol) in the diet, which are known to increase CCK activity and decrease feed intake. They might help to adapt the cow’s normal response to these dietary factors to a more favourable one in terms of DMI and milk production.

Rumen function optimisation

Any diet factors that affect rumen fermentation can change milk fat and protein levels. Any reduction in rumen microbial protein production from nutrition or feeding management imbalances will reduce milk protein by way of less microbial protein for the cow to digest and depress fat by limiting VFA (volatile fatty acid) production in the rumen. Scientific literature indicates that certain essential oils and their components can have a positive effect on rumen fermentation and microbial protein synthesis. This has been particularly the case, when diets with high concentrate levels were fed and rumen pH was low. Considering the fact, that the mycotoxin DON in diets can also affect rumen fermentation and microbial synthesis negatively and the capacity of rumen microbes to detoxify DON decreases with high concentrate diets, certain essential oils and their components maybe used to adapt rumen function to dietary challenges and also reduce the impact of DON on rumen function.

Antioxidative capacity boost

Adding antioxidative components from herbs and spices to the diet can help to increase the antioxidative capacity of cows, neutralizing the damage of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or free radicals that would otherwise occur. This can mean a huge boost to the cow’s agility, since oxidative stress is a very common stress reaction to many stressors the cow will encounter throughout her productive life. Certain antioxidative components from herbs and spices can enhance the antioxidative capacity of the dairy cow. As oxidative stress has been associated with higher somatic cell counts (SCC) and a reduction in feed intake, this can translate into beneficial effects for milk quality and milk solid yield, particularly if the cow is facing challenges. The safety value for performance and cost-efficiency of the diet improves.

Results to be expected

The results to be expected from diets designed to increase the agility of the dairy cow by nutritional means were tested by adding a gut agility activator to dairy cow rations in several different countries in field and research conditions. The gut agility activator Anco FIT contained an adaption formula comprising bioactive substances from herbs and spices with known positive effects on antioxidative capacity, rumen efficiency and appetite regulation. Milk fat and protein yields were increased in most cases, due to improved milk fat and protein contents, without negative impacts on milk yield and in some cases milk yields were even increased. In addition to that improvements to SCC were seen on dairy farms with higher levels of SCC and milk yields. The results suggest that further developing the concept of cow agility by nutritional means is a way for gaining greater control on milk profits from diet formulations.

By Gwendolyn Jones, Published in Positive Action International Dairy Topics 2018

Join our conversation on Twitter

The Crying Laughing Emoji was the most popular Emoji on Twitter last year. That alone is a reason to be on this social media platform, because you are always sure to find a tweet to make you laugh and cheer you up.

But the truth is 71% of  users are on Twitter to read and be up to date with news. Close to half of those users are on the platform daily.

A day’s worth of tweets can fill a 10 million page book, so yeah loads of information to shift through.

If you want to find a world leader, you will find them on Twitter. 92% of world leaders use this platform. So, keeping up with the men and women who make the world go round, means you need to be on Twitter.

Really want news at breaking-point? Got to be on Twitter for breaking news. True to this you will also find news about Anco breaking first on the Anco Twitter handle  from now on.

Of course, Anco is still new on the block, but over the coming months we hope to become a valuable contributor to the facts, learnings, exciting new insights, breaking newsflashes and daily dose of laughter and inspiration you can gain from reading tweets.

We welcome you to join in, engage and share. Our next bit of Anco news is only one tweet away.

By the way it is Friday, if you are not feeling it go to #FridayFeeling on Twitter for a smile and crack out a Crying Laughing Emoji on one of the funny tweets and while you are there follow us on @AncoNutrition.

You can also subscribe to our Anco newsletter for a monthly roundup of our news.

Polish dairy farmers gearing up for summer heat

At the end of April about 50 Polish dairy farmers gathered at a dairy seminar for new insights on managing heat stress in dairy cows. The seminar was organized by Noack Poland, who is distributor for Anco FIT products.

Jędrzej Staniszkis, Ruminant Additives Manager at Noack says: ”Predicting and assessing heat stress in dairy cows has recently been reviewed by researchers at the University of Agriculture in Krakow. We wanted to encourage the exchange of experience between Polish dairy farmers and also highlight the tools we have available to support dairy farmers when it comes to managing heat stress in cows. Although we live in a moderate climate, temperatures can shoot up to 30-35 degrees Celsius in Poland, when warm currents arrive from the south-east. Heat stress can cause significant losses in milk production, particularly in high producing dairy cows. We hope dairy farmers attending our seminar gained some new insights and are now feeling prepared to successfully manage their cows during the summer.”

Herbut el al (2018) from the University of Agriculture in Krakow demonstrated that heat stress can already occur at an air temperature of 20°C in Holstein-Friesian cows bred in moderate climates. However, it does also depend on the length of exposure to the temperature. Their results showed that in June 100 hours with temperatures >20C interrupted by a maximum of 3-4 h of rest (temperatures <20C) may cause a decline in milk yield by around 1.5kg But, milk loss can go up to 5kg with 200 hours under the same conditions.

Dairy consultant Hilmar Gerhardt shared some practical tips on feeding dairy cows during the summer months to maintain milk production and quality, when the days get hotter. He also highlighted the benefits of adding Anco FIT to dairy rations to reduce the negative impact of heat stress on cows. Feeding Anco FIT can help to reduce oxidative stress, which is a common stress reaction in response to heat and has been associated with increased somatic cell counts. He comments: “Commercial trials carried out with Anco FIT during the summer months show the stabilizing effect it has on feed intake, milk production and milk quality.”


Herbut, P., Angrecka, S. and Walczak, J. (2018). Environmental parameters to assessing of heat stress in dairy cattle—a review. Int.J. Biometeorol 2018; 62(12): 2089–2097.

Herbut, P, Angrecka, S. and Godyń, D. (2018). Effect of the duration of high air temperature on cow’s milking performance in moderate climate conditions. Ann. Anim. Sci., 2018; Vol. 18, No. 1, 195–207

Hungarian dairy farmers learning how to keep cows agile

Anco presented a nutritional solution to support agility in cows to Hungarian dairy farmers at a customer seminar organized by Anco FIT distributor Noack in Hungary.

Takács Tamás, sales manager at Noack comments: ”We introduced Anco FIT to dairy farms in Hungary last year. Since then we have seen a good acceptance of the product and have customers that have been using it repeatedly for quite some time now for more stable performance. Dairy farmers with Somatic Cell Count problems related to nutritional stress factors saw an improvement in response to adding Anco FIT to their dairy rations.”

During the presentation, Gwendolyn Jones from Anco Animal Nutrition Competence highlighted the benefit of more resilient cows with the gut agility activator Anco FIT, as animals that are easier to manage, which again helps to save labour costs. More resilient cows can therefore support higher milk profits, at a time where good labour is becoming scarce on farms, and at the same time there is a need for reducing the use of antibiotics and farms are keeping a greater number of animals.

Application of Anco FIT to dairy cow rations, helps to reduce stress reactions, like oxidative stress, inflammation and reduction in feed intake normally seen in response to stressors like, energy deficiency in the transition period, heat and mycotoxins. The adaptive capacity of the animal and hence its resilience is thereby improved, meaning the negative impact of stressors is much smaller on milk performance and quality. The cow returns more rapidly to her previous state and performance is much more stable even in the face of challenges.

Several other markets, like the USA, Germany, Austria, Czech Republic and Slovakia reported positive responses to Anco FIT in dairy cows in milk component yield and quality.

More information

Video: Keep your cows agile

Get more milk solids per day and start boosting you milk profits with Anco FIT 

Y.S.P. SAH joins as Anco FIT distributor in Malaysia

ANCO is expanding its business to Malaysia with the company Y.S.P.SAH as distributor for Anco FIT products.

Ananda Prakash, Division Senior Manager at Y.S.P. SAH, comments on the Anco FIT product line launch in Malaysia: “Malaysia had a fruitful launching for Anco FIT and Anco FIT poultry in November 2018. The event was held successfully in three states in Malaysia: Perak, Penang and Kuala Lumpur. This created much curiosity, interest and brand awareness in our potential customers.”

As the agricultural industry in Asia is rapidly developing, requirements for efficiency, feed safety and reduction in antibiotic growth promotors is growing. Anco is looking forward to work with Y.S.P.SAH as part of its growth strategy for Asia and contributing to more sustainable and safer competitive animal production in Malaysia.

About Y.S.P.SAH in Malaysia

Since its establishment Y.S.P.SAH has grown to become one of the innovative and leading pharmaceutical companies in Malaysia. The Group became more competent and hence, in 2004 it gained successful listing on the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange and later transferred to the Main Board. Today the Group boasts a wide array of pharmaceutical, over-the-counter (OTC), veterinary and aquatic products, with regional offices as well as strategic alliances in Singapore, Vietnam, Philippine, Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia, Brunei, Laos , as well as Sri Lanka, Africa and countries in Middle East.


Anco FIT on the roll in Asia

At this year’s VIV Asia in Bangkok, you could see that Anco already has a lot more presence in Asia compared to last year. All 8 distributors were actively promoting Anco FIT and Anco FIT Poultry to their contacts at VIV.

The Anco team had new data to share in broilers, layers and pigs. Visitors took note that Anco FIT Poultry repeatedly showed improved laying persistency in layers and layer breeders under commercial conditions.

New scientific data in broilers provided more information on the mode of action Anco FIT Poultry and how it reduces stress reactions that would otherwise have a negative impact on performance and efficiency.

Michael Eder, managing partner at Anco comments: “Asia is a very important market for us and moving forward we believe we will see a lot more activity with Anco FIT products in the months following VIV Asia. We had very interesting discussions and useful feedback, which we will use to optimize our offering. It was great to see so much interest in our gut agility concept.”

Please also visit the Anco Facebook page for more impressions of our visitors and distributors at VIV.