Visit us at IPPE in Atlanta USA

Go for a warm welcome at the ANCO booth B8281 at the IPPE in Atlanta 31.st Jan to 2nd of February.

The International Production, Processing Expo (IPPE) is the world’s largest annual poultry, meat and feed industry event of its kind. A wide range of international decision-makers attend this annual event to network and become informed on the latest technological developments and issues facing the industry.

ANCO will be showcasing Anco FIT Poultry for the first time at this show.

Find out how Anco FIT Poultry can benefit profitable and safe poultry production. Take the next step towards a more agile operation to maintain a competitive edge.

We look forward to engage with you and learn what matters to you.

ANCO Animal Nutrition Competence GmbH is a feed additive business acting globally to support competitive animal production with cost-effective feed solutions, including solutions for antibiotic-free feeding.

Test yourself – What type of nutritionist are you?

Of course, as a nutritionist you have guidelines you can follow in terms of nutrient requirements by species and production stage to help you formulate diets in a cost-efficient way.

But when it comes to functional additives and controlling dietary risks other factors come into play, when you are making decisions on what to include in animal diets. One of those factors is your personality and the goals of your organization.

Knowing yourself better, tells you more about what solutions match with what is important to you, when it comes to formulating diets. Given the vast number of functional additives out there, it narrows down your choices and can reduce the stress of choosing between options.

Find out what type of nutritionist you are and what drives you by answering 7 relevant questions in an anonymous quick test. Then consider the impact this is having on your decisions, when you are formulating diets.

How to prepare a plan for mycotoxin risk management

Several meta-analysis studies have proven the negative impact of mycotoxins in feed on animal performance. In the USA, the economic cost due to some of the most common mycotoxins is estimated to be USD 900 million per year.

Having a plan for mycotoxin risk management and putting appropriate tools into action can therefore make a difference to the bottom line of farm operations and return on investment of animal feed.

Take the 6 steps below to minimize the impact of mycotoxins to your operation.

1. Research which mycotoxins are most likely going to cause a risk in your region

There are several sources that can provide you with information on the prevalence of different types of mycotoxins. Some feed companies providing mycotoxin solutions publish the results of mycotoxin surveys carried out world- wide. More independent sources for information include surveys carried out by mycotoxin analysis labs or surveys published in the scientific literature.

References

Neogen Monday mycotoxin report

Pinotti. et al (2016) Mycotoxin Contamination in the EU Feed Supply
Chain: A Focus on Cereal Byproducts. Toxins — Open Access Toxinology Journal, MDPI, 2016, 8, 45

2. Find out which ingredients are at risk for mycotoxin contamination

Some feed ingredients are more at risk for mycotoxin contamination than others. For example in comparison with corn, soybean meal appears to be less susceptible to mycotoxin contamination. Mycotoxin contamination in DDGS samples is generally greater than in corn. This makes it important to monitor the mycotoxin content of DDGS prior to its inclusion in animal diets.

The risk for mycotoxins will also depend where you are sourcing your ingredients from. Mycotoxin prevalence differ by regions and countries, mainly due to differences in climate.
Again mycotoxin surveys will give you an indication of which areas are at risk.

Mycotoxin prevalence will also differ between harvests. Therefore, it makes sense to look at the most up to date surveys available.

3. Set up a time schedule to analyze feed or feed ingredients for mycotoxins regularly

Mycotoxin analysis should become part of the routine evaluation of feed and feed ingredients. Regular sampling and testing of feed allows picking up any variations in mycotoxin contamination. From a farming perspective, the most critical point is the sampling procedure of feed.

Sampling corn for mycotoxins
The distribution of mycotoxins in a corn lot is usually highly variable, and it can be extremely variable for aflatoxins. For sampling harvested grain, a recommended sampling approach is to collect at least ten probefuls from a number of locations throughout the lot, or at least ten collections from a moving stream of grain. Do not collect a sample from a single location in the lot, as it is highly unlikely that it will be representative of the lot. A ten-pound sample is commonly recommended.

Sampling silage for mycotoxins
To know the quality of the silage that is fed to animals, samples must be collected from the front of the silo, and the procedure should be repeated at different times. For instance, 12-15 sub-samples need to be collected from the front of the silage to form a pool of 500-1000 g as the final sample. It must be underlined that each sample only represents the portion of silage from which it was taken as mycotoxin distribution may change .

More information on sampling feed for mycotoxin analysis.

4. Find a reliable lab that can carry out mycotoxin analysis for you

There are many test labs available to provide a service for mycotoxin testing. There are also universities and research institutions that provide a mycotoxin analysis service.

5. Check your animals for symptoms of a mycotoxin challenge

There are several symptoms in pigs, poultry and ruminants to look out for that can indicate a mycotoxin challenge is present in your feed. Depending on the types of mycotoxins present, symptoms seen in the animal will differ.

The following slide show provides you with an overview of the different symptoms seen in response to mycotoxins by species.

6. Support your animals to become more resistant to possible mycotoxin challenges

There are several solutions available to apply to animal feed that bind or counteract mycotoxins in the animal to reduce the impact of mycotoxins on animal performance.

New solutions available on the market include formulas to apply to feed that help the animal adapt to nutritional stressors such as mycotoxins and reduce the stress reactions caused by mycotoxins in the animal. This empowers the animal to be more efficient and robust in the face of mycotoxin challenges and other nutritional stressors. It is also effective against a broader range of mycotoxins and against DON in particular, where binders have been known to fail.

Consult your vet and feed advisor to decide what works best for your operations.

Stress reactions to mycotoxins in animals

Many trials have proven the significant negative impact of mycotoxins on performance in pigs and poultry. Looking at the effects of mycotoxins at a cellular level, it is becoming obvious that many stress reactions seen to mycotoxins in animals are those commonly seen in response to other stressors.

One reaction to stressors is an increase in Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). ROS are produced endogenously by normal metabolic processes, but amounts may be increased markedly by certain stressors, including mycotoxins. Deficiencies of natural protective substances or excess exposure to stimulators of ROS production may result in oxidative stress, which occurs when ROS exceed the capacity of antioxidants. Oxidative stress is a major factor related to the development of inflammatory diseases.

Consumption of DON-contaminated feed in pigs, not only increases oxidative stress, it has also shown to impact the gastrointestinal tract, causing epithelial injuries of the stomach and the intestine, leading to intestinal inflammatory response.

In vitro and in vivo studies have also demonstrated that DON compromises the intestinal barrier function and increases gut permeability. Furthermore, it has been shown that mycotoxins modify the intestinal microbiota in pigs and in poultry. However, not all mycotoxins show this effect. For example, feeding pigs with fumonisin was not reported to induce any modification of the intestinal microbiota, whereas DON did.

In the chicken a high dose of ochratoxin exhibited significant numbers of Salmonella typhimurium in the digestive tract when compared to non-administered birds. However, feeding birds with high levels of aflatoxin or T-2 toxin had no effect on incidence or severity of S. typhimurium colonization.

Taken all together these type of responses at the cellular level will predispose the animal to intestinal and systemic infections and impair efficient digestion and absorption of nutrients, with the associated effect on animal productivity and efficiency.